SP Angel . Morning View . Tuesday 26 11 19

China rare earth magnet exports to US jump 21.7% in October



MiFID II exempt information – see disclaimer below 

AfriTin Mining* (ATM LN) –– Issue of £3.8m of convertible loan notes as Uis ramps up tin concentrate production

Altus Strategies* (ALS LN) – Q3/19 corporate and operational highlights

Asiamet Resources (ARS LN) – Near term exploration targets

Aura Energy Limited* (AURA LN) – Extraordinary General Meeting

Keras Resources* (KRS LN) – Distribution of Calidus Shares

Thor Mining (THR LN) – Drilling results from Kapunda


China’s rare earth magnet exports to US jump 21.7% in October (Reuters)

  • China exported 477t to the US, the highest level since at least 2016 according to customs data.
  • Rare earth exports to all countries was 3,091t last month up 5.4% from September and 22.9% from a year earlier.
  • China is the world’s largest producer of rare earths, and has threatened to restrict their supply due to the US-China trade war, however since then it has raised annual outputs.

*SP Angel acts as nomad and broker to Mkango Resources and broker and financial advisor to Rainbow Rare Earths


Battery marker Northvolt aims to triple number of planned factories (FT)

  • Northvolt (Sweden) has raised €1bn this year from BMW, Goldman Sachs and others to further its ambitions to become Europe’s leading battery manufacturer.
  • Northvolt’s ceo, is aiming for 150GWh of battery capacity by 2030, for ~25% market share in Europe equal to around 2m Tesla cars.
  • The company has entered into a joint venture with VW, and is set to open a battery factory in Lower Saxony with a capacity of 16GWh by 2023.


Metals find new uses in fast developing robot animals

  • If anyone thinks the world is going to use less metals as it continues to develop, think again
  • Boston Dynamics are trailing a new robot dog to assist the police in Massachusetts.
  • The robo-dog is allegedly being used with the bomb squad though other, similar robots like the SWAT-Bot have been trialled for some time.
  • It’s only a matter of time before the robot dogs become more widely used for law enforcement and given the industry’s use of anachronisms we wonder if PICNIC will become ‘Problem In Criminal Not In Computer’
  • https://www.bostondynamics.com/spot


Dow Jones Industrials





Nikkei 225





HK Hang Seng





Shanghai Composite





FTSE 350 Mining





AIM Basic Resources







US – Jerome Powell delivered an optimistic take on the US economic outlook while signalling interest rates are likely to remain on hold.

  • “At this point in the long expansion, I see the glass as much more than half full,” Powell said on Monday.
  • “We see the current stance of monetary policy as likely to remain appropriate as long as incoming information about the economy remains broadly consistent with our outlook.”
  • “The full effect of these monetary policy actions will be felt over time, but we believe they are already helping to support consumer and business sentiment and boosting spending in interest-sensitive sectors, such as housing and consumer durable goods.”
  • The China’s Ministry of Commerce said China and the US “reached consensus on properly resolving relevant issues” and agreed to stay in contact on the remaining points for a “phase one” trade deal during a phone call Tuesday morning.


Germany – Consumer confidence picked up slightly from the weakest level in more than two years in a sign that the worst may be over.

  • GfK Consumer Confidence: 9.7 v 9.6 in November and 9.6 forecast.


Hong Kong – Trade continues to contract at accelerating rates amid ongoing protests as well as overall weaker growth background.

  • Exports (%yoy): -9.2 v -7.3 in September and -8.4 forecast.
  • Imports (%yoy): -11.5 v -10.3 in September and -10.6 forecast.



US$1.1018/eur vs 1.1017/eur yesterday.  Yen 108.92/$ vs 108.85/$.  SAr 14.819/$ vs 14.697/$.  $1.288/gbp vs $1.288/gbp.  0.678/aud vs 0.679/aud.  CNY 7.040/$ vs  7.035/$.


Commodity News

Gold US$1,457/oz vs US$1,459/oz yesterday - Poland repatriates 100t of gold from Bank of England (kitco)

  • Poland has purchased 125t of gold in the last two years, increasing its reserves to nearly 229t and becoming the 22nd largest holder of bullion.
  • According to the central bank Governor Adam Glapinski, Poland is bringing 100t of gold home in a bid to demonstrate the strength of its $586bn economy.
  • Glapsinski has also said that Poland isn’t planning on selling its gold, and did not rule out more gold purchases in the future.
  • Central banks around the world have been accelerating their gold buying this year in a bid to diversify and de-dollarize due to trade tensions, geopolitical risk and recession fears.

   Gold ETFs 81.2moz vs US$81.0moz yesterday

Platinum US$900/oz vs US$894/oz yesterday

Palladium US$1,805/oz vs US$1,786/oz yesterday

Silver US$16.92/oz vs US$16.90/oz yesterday


Base metals:   

Copper US$ 5,888/t vs US$5,891/t yesterday - ICSG: Global copper market in deficit by 330k tonnes

  • According to the International Copper Study Group, the global copper market posted a 330kt deficit in the first eight months of the year.
  • Global copper production dropped 0.5% yoy, and top producer Chile’s production also fell 0.5% yoy due to lower grades and supply disruptions.
  • Refined global production was down 0.3% in the first eight months of the year, with Chile’s output falling 32%. Secondary production from scrap increased by 1.8%.

The first stage of Northvolt’s first big factory is set to open in 2021 and will have a capacity of at least 32GWh by 2024, with the possibility to go up to 40GWh

Aluminium US$ 1,740/t vs US$1,742/t yesterday

Nickel US$ 14,555/t vs US$14,535/t yesterday - Chinese nickel imports from Indonesia jump 23.4% in October as ban nears (Reuters)

  • Chinese buyers continued to stock up ahead of a ban on exports which is due to come into effect in January.
  • Indonesia exported 3.1mt in October compared to 2.5mt in September. This is up 132% from 1.34mt a year earlier.
  • China imported 6.85mt of nickel ore last month of which 3.1mt was from Indonesia.
  • China’s total nickel imports in October were down 3.9% from the 7.13mt in September, but up 23.2% from 5.56 million tonnes a year earlier.

Zinc US$ 2,277/t vs US$2,304/t yesterday

Lead US$ 1,9212/t vs US$1,958/t yesterday

Tin US$ 16,450/t vs US$16,300/t yesterday



M&A activity builds momentum across the oil sector

  • The past 12 months has seen the acquisition of Faroe Petroleum (FPM.L) by DNO (DNO ASA); a £380m bid for Eland Oil & Gas (ELA.L) by Seplat Petroleum (SEPL.L); and Amerisur Resources (AMER.L) currently engaged in a competitive bid.
  • Aramco’s proposed IPO is another good barometer for sector sentiment in our view. Saudi Arabia has yet again delayed the much-hyped listing by at least several weeks, with international investors seemingly not buying the Saudi insistence that the biggest oil company in the world is worth US$2tn. 

Oil US$63.6/bbl vs US$63.5/bbl yesterday

  • Saudi Arabia saw its crude oil sales to the world’s top oil importer, China, increase by 76% yoy in October, driven by increasing demand and US sanctions restricting Chinese imports of Iranian and Venezuela crude
  • A Reuters investigation has concluded that an Iranian coalition was behind the September 14 attack on the oil facilities of oil giant Saudi Aramco, with Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei giving the order to attack, according to Arab News
  • US crude futures were flat at US$62.1/bbl on the New York Mercantile Exchange

Natural Gas US$2.473/mmbtu vs US$2.608/mmbtu yesterday

  • Natural gas prices rose sharply in early trading yesterday, then fell back late to close the session near the lows of the day
  • The outside day reversal is a negative sign for prices and likely points to continued lower levels as well as additional volatility
  • LNG exports declined week over week a sign of softening demand
  • There is one tropical disturbance in the lower Atlantic that NOAA projects 10% chance of turning into a tropical cyclone over the next 48-hours

Uranium US$26.00/lb vs US$25.95/lb yesterday



Iron ore 62% Fe spot (cfr Tianjin) US$88.5/t vs US$86.5/t

Chinese steel rebar 25mm US$613.5/t vs US$612.5/t

Thermal coal (1st year forward cif ARA) US$63.7/t vs US$65.0/t

Coking coal futures Dalian Exchange US$187.3/t vs US$187.5/t



Cobalt LME 3m US$36,000/t vs US$36,000/t

NdPr Rare Earth Oxide (China) US$40,482/t vs US$40,440/t

Lithium carbonate 99% (China) US$6,605/t vs US$6,610/t - Lithium - Geo40, based in New Zealand claims to have made a breakthrough in extracting near battery-grade lithium from geothermal fluid

  • Forgive us if we are sceptical but we have heard representations from a number of lithium companies using osmosis for the extraction of lithium directly from brines in Argentina and elsewhere.
  • Reports of consistent lithium production from this type of processing have proved elusive.
  • We suspect the process works well in the lab for there to be so much interest and investment into this technology but it does not appear to work on the upscaling needed for

Ferro Vanadium 80% FOB (China) US$29.5/kg vs US$29.5/kg

Antimony Trioxide 99.5% EU (China) US$5.2/kg vs US$5.2/kg

Tungsten APT European US$225-245/mtu vs US$225-245/mtu

Graphite flake 94% C, -100 mesh, fob China US$540/t vs US$540/t

Graphite spherical 99.95% C, 15 microns, fob China US$2,550/t vs US$2,550/t


Battery News


Company News

AfriTin Mining* (ATM LN) FOLLOW – 3.3p, Mkt cap £21m – Issue of £3.8m of convertible loan notes as Uis ramps up tin concentrate production

AfriTin holds 85% of the Uis tin project in Namibia with the remaining 15% owned by The Small Miners of Uis (SMU).

(Bushveld Minerals* holds 8% of AfriTin)

  • AfriTin report the raising of £3.8m worth of convertible loan notes bearing a 10%pa coupon.
  • The unsecured notes have an 18m term are convertible at 4p/s and are with a strategic African tin trading group and existing shareholer.
  • The funds are for general working capital purposes relating to the progression of the Uis project towards feasibility studies for the Phase 2 expansion and on initial testwork on the lithium discovery within the pegmatite ore body.
  • A first shipment of tin concentrate is scheduled for the end of this month as the mine ramps up to 60t of tin concentrate a month expected early next year.
  • This represents a slight delay on the expectation for 60t/m by the year end as reported in August.
  • The new power line to the Uis site has been completed and energised enabling the Phase 1 plant to ramp up and lowering power costs.
  • Phase 1:  Pilot plant throughput capacity 500,000tpa for 60t of tin concentrate per month
  • Phase 2:  3mtpa plant for 5,000tpa of tin concentrate containing approximately 60% tin on an 85% recovery rate.
  • Dense Media Separation plant is being used and tested in the pilot plant for the upgrading of low-grade tin for further processing into a saleable tin concentrate.
  • Recoveries of tin are estimated to be 71%-91% in Stage 2 of the process.
  • Uis JORC resource of 71.54mt grading 0.134% tin, 85ppm tantalum, 0.63 % Lithium Oxide for 95,539t of in-situ tin, 6,091t tantalum and 450,265t lithium oxide
  • Offtake contract with Thaisarco, (Thailand Smelting and Refining Co., Limited) for 12-months offtake with concentrate transshipment through Walvis Bay.
  • Debt facility: Nedbank previously agreed a N$35m (approximately £2m) working capital facility as well as an N$8m (approximately £465,000) VAT facility with its Namibian subsidiary Afritin Mining Namibia in August. Bushveld Minerals have offered surety for the loan to Nedbank

*SP Angel acts as nomad and broker to Bushveld Minerals which listed AfriTin on AIM and still holds a meaningful stake in AfriTin.


Altus Strategies* (ALS LN) FOLLOW 4.4p, Mkt Cap £7.7m – Q3/19 corporate and operational highlights

  • The team signed a JV Term Sheet with Glomin with regards to to Lakanfla and Tabakorole gold projects located in southern and western Mali, respectively.
  • The Term Sheet has been extended by both companies until 30 November 2019 for Glomin to complete the due diligence on the project and prepare final documentation.
  • The company has also signed a Term Sheet with Desert Gold for the sale of and future royalty on Sebessounkoto Sud and Djelimangara licenses in western Mali.
  • Altus has subsequently successfully completed the transaction in return for cash, equity milestone payments and 2.5% NSR.
  • Desert is planning to complete 15,000m of drilling in 2020 including the aforementioned properties located within the prolific Kenieba window of western Mali.
  • In Cote d’Ivoire, the Company signed an option agreement with Firering Holdings over the nickel Toura license that involves Firering earning a 95% interest in the project with Altus receiving €15k, a 5% capped free carried interest and a royalty linked to the nickel price.
  • In Ethiopia, the team started exploration at the recently granted Zager where a number of artisanal gold workings as well as areas of polymetallic mineralisation have been identified.
  • In total, the Zager licence covers an area of 285km2 within a geological unit known as the Nakfa terrane which “hosts a number of significant VMS base metal and gold deposits and mines. These include Bisha, a polymetallic mine operated by Zijin Mining Group Co. Ltd. 136km northwest of Zager, the Asmara project … 125km northeast of Zager and the Harvest and Adyabo projects … 10km south and east of Zager.”
  • In Mali, the discovery of a significant new target was announced at the Diba VMS project including a 1.2km lond discontinuous gold in soil anomaly.
  • Loss from operations amounted to £0.4m in Q3/19 (Q3/18: £0.5m) with the exploration spend distributed between Mali (£60k), Marocco (£48k), Ethiopia (£47k), Cameroon (£42k) and Liberia/Cote d’Ivoire (£35k combined).
  • Loss for the period totalled £0.5m (Q3/18: £0.0m) largely reflecting the change in the value of Canyon Resources shares held at the Company.
  • Closing cash balance together with marketable securities stood at £0.4m (including £0.27m held in Canyon Resources shares) as Of Q3/19.
  • On 12 months outlook, the Company is planning to close the $4m private placement along with the proposed La Mancha $8.5m investment securing fuds for further exploration and evaluation works across current license areas as well as new targets.
  • Additionally, the Company is expecting to receive 15m Canyon shares shortly (subject to a 12m voluntary escrow) of the potential total 30m in respect of the sale of Birsok and Mandoum bauxite licenses in Cameroon.

Conclusion: The Company currently holds 18 precious metal and base metal exploration projects across six African countries (Morocco, Ethiopia, Cameroon, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire and Mali) with the team continuing early exploration works across existing licenses as well as evaluating new targets. A number of projects have either attracted a JV partner or have been divested in return for cash/equity/NSR, in line with the project generator business model. A potential strategic investment by a $1bn La Mancha fund serves as an endorsement of the Altus’ team as well as will be providing capital to further advance and grow the existing asset base.

*SP Angel acts as nomad and broker to Altus Strategies


Asiamet Resources (ARS LN) FOLLOW 2.85p, mkt cap £31.4m – Near term exploration targets

  • Asiamet Resources has announced plans to drill several targets close to its BKM project area in Kalimantan before the end of this year.
  • The company released details of its feasibility study for the development of the BKM project in June indicating that at a copper price of US$3.30/lb (US$7,275/t), an initial capital expenditure of $192m is expected to generate an after tax NPV of $133.5m at an 8% discount rate and an IRR of 19.5% excluding closure costs from the production of around 25,000tpa of copper cathode at an all-in-sustaining cost of US$1.78/lb over a nine-years mine life.
  • Establishing additional resources close to the planned BKM development has obvious potential to enhance the project economics and at this stage the company has identified four targets for immediate attention comprising:
    • The “Link Zone” area between the BKM copper mineralisation and the polymetallic high-grade zinc/lead/copper volcanic-hosted massive sulphide mineralisation encountered in the BKZ zone. The company considers that the “BKM and BKZ could be part of the same mineralisation … [and evaluation of the exploration data] … shows that there is 500metres of untested potential … between BKZ and BKM.”
    • The “BK West” Zone is characterised by a geophysical induced-polarisation anomaly which like BKM has coincident silica sericite alteration and copper sulphides in veining which remains untested. This North West BKM Target appears to be about 200 metres long (50% of the size of the BKM IP chargeability high)”.
    • The “Root Zone” represents depth extensions to the known copper mineralisation at BKM. The company points out that a number of the drill-holes it used for the BKM resource evaluation “intersected mineralisation copper mineralisation which is open at depth. For example, drill hole BKM31750-06, intersected 7m @ 1.02% Cu at end of the drill hole”. Deep mineralisation in earlier drilling, in conjunction with the identification of an induced-polarisation anomaly “which dips at 40 degrees to the west for at least 250 vertical metres” provides an opportunity to target deeper level targets beneath the BKM deposit.
    • Asiamet has also identified potential near-surface oxide copper mineralisation covering an area approximately 300 metres square located to the south of BKM. Previous drilling results include a 12m long intersection averaging 2.15% copper from a depth of 17.5m in hole BKM30500-01 and a 10.25m long intersection averaging 0.62% copper from a depth of 4.25m in hole BKM30625-01.
  • Mobilisation of the drilling team and equipment is “anticipated in the next couple of weeks”.
  • Commenting on the proposed additional drilling, CEO, Peter Bird, explained that “Our previous exploration work suggest that there are a number of walk-up targets in the area, a number of which are oxide dominant which allows for processing via heap-leach and SX-EW.” He also pointed out that “ Any discoveries that are defined proximal to the current BKM Resource have a commercial advantage when compared with more regional discoveries as they can leverage off proposed infrastructure, logistics and technical expertise that will be already established around the BKM Mine.”

Conclusion: Investigation of nearby targets has the potential to enhance the BKM project and expand the current reserve base of 69.6mt at an average grade of 0.6% copper. We look forward to the results as they become available.


Aura Energy Limited* (AURA LN)  FOLLOW0.3p, Mkt Cap £4.0m – Extraordinary General Meeting

  • Aura Energy has issued a notice convening an Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM) to be held on 6th January.
  • The meeting has been requisitioned by a shareholder, Pre-emptive Trading (PET) which owns/ed approximately 5.9% of the company in order to put a resolution proposing the appointment of its nominee, Mr. John Bennett, as a director.
  • The Board of Aura Energy is not supporting the resolution and is recommending shareholders vote against the appointment.
  • Explaining the background in a letter to shareholders, Executive Chairman, Peter Reeve, said that “The Company believes PET is in breach of contract for failing to take up shares it agreed to subscribe for in the Company’s placement that completed 26 February 2019. Accordingly, the Company has instructed its lawyers to retain counsel to bring an action against PET for the recovery of $456,000”
  • The letter points out that Mr. Bennett “…  has not declared that [he] has a conflict of interest with the Company in respect of the recovery of $456,000 proposed by the Company”.
  • In addition “The board of directors have reviewed the skills and work experience of Mr Bennett and do not believe he has any of the necessary general or specific skills to act as a director of an exploration and mine development entity operating in diverse geo-political environments. The board of directors also believe Mr Bennett does not have the appropriate skills in governance, debt and equity markets and reporting in order to contribute to the Company in any meaningful manner”.

Conclusion: Aura Energy’s EGM is shaping up to be acrimonious.

*SP Angel act as Nomad & Broker to Aura Energy


Keras Resources* (KRS LN) FOLLOW 0.215p, Mkt Cap £5.4m – Distribution of Calidus Shares

(Keras hold an 85% interest in Societé General des Mines which holds the Nayega manganese project license in Togo)

  • Keras report the transfer of 723,750,000 shares in Calidus Resources Limited to Keras shareholders has now been completed.
  • In relation to the distribution of Calidus shares the company reports:
  • The transfer was made on the basis of one Calidus Share for every 3.451963 Keras ordinary share held by Keras shareholders named on the Company's share register at 6 pm on 19 November 2019 ("Record Date").
  • The Directors have been informed that the Keras Shares became "ex" entitlement to the Calidus Shares on 21 November 2019.
  • Any sale of Keras Shares that were held within the CREST system, occurring on 20 November 2019, will transfer within the CREST system the associated right to Calidus Shares, from the registered holder on the Record Date to the buyer of Keras Shares on that date.
  • If any Keras shareholder held Keras Shares within the CREST system on the Record Date and did not sell any Keras Shares until 21 November 2019 onwards, then that Keras shareholder will receive Calidus Shares.
  • Where a Keras shareholder held their Keras Shares in certificated format on the Record Date, they will have been issued with a Security-Holder Reference number ("SRN") for Calidus Shares by The Automic Group, the registrars to Calidus Resources Limited. The SRN must be quoted when trading in Calidus Shares on the ASX. The SRN will be included on a Holding Statement that will be posted to the shareholder's registered address.
  • Keras shareholders who hold their shares through a nominee company, (i.e. a broking account where your shares are not directly registered in your name), should contact their nominee to discuss the onward transfer of their Calidus Shares.

*SP Angel act as Nomad and broker to Keras Resources


Thor Mining (THR LN)  FOLLOW0.235p, Mkt Cap £2.2m – Drilling results from Kapunda

  • Thor Mining has announced preliminary results from its recently completed initial hydrogeological drilling programme at the Kapunda copper project in South Australia.
  • Three holes were drilled in the southern part of the licence area to assess the hydrologic characteristics and the amenability to in-situ leaching of a fracture zone containing “copper mineralisation which is expected to be amenable to in situ recovery”.
  • Preliminary assay results from a portable X-Ray Fluorescence analyser include:
    • A 66m wide intersection at an average grade of 0.27% copper (including 5m averaging 0.72% copper and an 11m averaging 0.54% copper both from unspecified depths in hole KPFRT01; and
    • A 23m wide intersection from a depth of 8m in hole KPFRT02 which averaged 0.49% copper to the end of the hole; and
    • A 6m wide intersection from a depth of 22m in hole KPFRT03 which averaged 0.47% copper to the end of the hole.
  • Assays will be subject to later confirmation by geochemical analysis.
  • The drilling has also established the hydrological continuity “between the screened intervals along the predominant fracture direction”. It has also confirmed that the water table lies within 11-12m of surface.
  • The next stage of the work includes large scale column leach recovery tests leading on to a full scale field trial.”
  • Commenting on these initial results, Executive Chairman, Mick Billing, said “These holes were drilled on the very southern tip of the main resource area, and previously conducted IP surveys further south show additional chargeable anomalies which should be investigated to see if they contain additional mineralisation, which could significantly extend the resource.”



John Meyer – 0203 470 0490

Simon Beardsmore – 0203 470 0484

Sergey Raevskiy – 0203 470 0474



Richard Parlons – 0203 470 0472

Abigail Wayne – 0203 470 0534

Rob Rees – 0203 470 0535


SP Angel                                                            

Prince Frederick House

35-39 Maddox Street London



*SP Angel are the No1 integrated nomad and broker by number of mining brokerage clients on AIM according to the AIM Advisers Ranking Guide (joint brokerships excluded)

+SP Angel employees may have previously held, or currently hold, shares in the companies mentioned in this note.


Sources of commodity prices


Gold, Platinum, Palladium, Silver

BGNL (Bloomberg Generic Composite rate, London)

Gold ETFs, Steel


Copper, Aluminium, Nickel, Zinc, Lead, Tin, Cobalt


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Lithium Carbonate, Ferro Vanadium, Antimony

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